Fire Safety Information
There will be some great info here soon, but in the meantime, here are some useful links:
The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005
This submission is an overview of the legislation and is described in very general terms consequently it should be read on conjunction with The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005, and the RRO guidance if a full understanding of the order is required. The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order hereafter will be referred to as the Order in this document. The Order should have come into force on the 1st April 2006 but is delayed until the 1st October 2006.
The order is designed to provide a minimum fire safety standard in all non domestic premises including parts of premises used for the purposes of an employer’s undertaking, which is made available to employees as a place of work, and used in connection with the carrying of a trade, business or other undertaking, for profit or not, with a few exceptions. If it is a workplace it designates the employer, if he/she has to some extent control, the Responsible Person.(RP) If any other person has to some extent control then they could have duties under the order. If it is not a workplace then any person having control to some extent or the owner and can be designated the Responsible Person. Those persons or a person acting on their behalf, are required to carry out certain fire safety duties which include ensuring the general fire precautions are satisfactory and conducting a fire risk assessment. If more than five persons are employed it has to be a written assessment.
Portable Fire Extinguishers under the ADR
The European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR) refers to portable fire extinguishers in two ways: (A) As an article for transport to which the provisions of the ADR apply, and (B) As safety equipment required to be carried by vehicles transporting dangerous goods. This Fact File provides guidance on both areas.
A. ADR requirements for transporting fire extinguishers
1. Background The European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR) sets out which articles are barred from international carriage and those which require controls.
Annexes A and B which contain the main requirements of the agreement have been regularly amended and updated since the entry into force of ADR, the last amendment being in 2005.
Portable fire extinguishers are listed in Chapter 3.2 “the dangerous goods list” under UN number 1044 and description “Fire Extinguishers with compressed or liquefied gases”. The associated class under the ADR is class 2 and special provisions 225 and 594 apply. (Full explanations of these are given in the ADR text.)
2. Requirements Table 1 below sets out the requirements for the transport of portable fire extinguishers under the ADR.
Table 2 Portable Fire extinguishers to be carried on vehicles transporting dangerous goods Portable Fire extinguishers Chapter 8 clause 8.1.4 covers the requirements for fire fighting equipment to be carried on vehicles transporting dangerous goods •
Every transport unit shall be equipped with at least one portable fire extinguisher for the in flammability classes 1 A, B and C, with a minimum capacity of 2 kg dry powder (or an equivalent capacity for any other suitable extinguishant agent) suitable for fighting a fire in the engine or cab of the transport unit.
• Additional equipment is required as follows: i. for transport units with a maximum permissible mass of more than 7.5 tonnes, one or more portable fire extinguishers for the in flammability classes1 A, B and C, with a minimum total capacity of 12 kg dry powder (or an equivalent capacity for any other suitable extinguishing agent), of which at least one shall have a minimum capacity of 6 kg; ii. for transport units with a maximum permissible mass of more than 3.5 tonnes up to and including 7.5 tonnes, one or more portable fire extinguishers for the in flammability classes1 A, B and C, with a minimum total capacity of 8 kg dry powder (or an equivalent capacity for any other suitable extinguishing agent), of which at least one shall have a minimum capacity of 6 kg; iii. for transport units with a maximum permissible mass of up to and including 3.5 tonnes, one or more portable fire extinguishers for the in flammability classes1 A, B and C with a minimum total capacity of 4 kg dry powder (or an equivalent capacity for any other suitable extinguishing agent);
Clause 188.8.131.52 also states the following: The portable fire extinguishers conforming to the provisions of 184.108.40.206 or 220.127.116.11 shall be fitted with a seal verifying that they have not been used. In addition, they shall bear a mark of compliance with a standard recognized by a competent authority and an inscription at least indicating the date (month, year) of the next recurrent inspection or of the maximum permissible period of use, as applicable.
1 For the definition of the in flammability classes, see Standard EN 2:1992 Classification of fires.
Note: These requirements are unchanged from the 2003 ADR.
There is one exemption to the requirements of clause 8.1.4 and that is given in clause 18.104.22.168 which states that transport units equipped with fire extinguishers in accordance with the provisions of 8.1.4 applicable until 31 December 2002 may continue to be used until 31 December 2007.
This means that any vehicle built and equipped before 1st January 2003 will comply with the 2001 ADR requirements. The 2001 ADR only required a 6 kg, dry powder equivalent, extinguisher irrespective of the size of the unit. If the maximum mass of the unit was less than 3.5 tonnes then 2x 2kg, dry powder equivalent, extinguishers were considered sufficient.
3. Sources of further information
The text of all the versions of the ADR can be found and freely downloaded from the UNECE website: http://www.unece.org/trans/danger/danger.htm